Health and nutrition club Pandora

Welcome to the web page of health and nutrition club Pandora. Our goal is to give you our knowledge for how to be more healthy. It is a simple combination for healthy foods in proper measurement and regular exercises.

It is not hard, it can be done. We know that because we have the needed experience.

If you want to try you are welcomed in our club at 14 Main Street, Zoar, Ohio 44697

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If you’re overweight, slim down. „Carrying around 10 or 20 pounds of excess weight in the form of body fat is like dragging an anchor,“ says Wayne Askew, PhD, professor of nutrition and director of the division of foods and nutrition at the University of Utah in Salt Lake City. „The best way to feel energetic is to maintain a proper body weight for your height and frame size.“

Forget crash-dieting. It’s pretty hard not to get enough calories in our food-privileged country, but lots of women go out of their way to do just that. Low-calorie diets—fewer than 1,200 calories a day, depending on your size—can sap your energy. For one thing, it’s more challenging to get the nutrients you need once you go below 1,800 calories a day. And, though every woman has different calorie needs, consuming fewer than 10 calories per pound of body weight is clearly too low, Grandjean says. „The body compensates by going into a lower gear.“

The Power Duo

Vitamins and minerals don’t provide energy directly, but they’re big-time players in processing energy. So if you don’t get enough of them, you may find yourself waking up tired and staying that way. Lots of variety in fruits and vegetables is the best way to get the whole array of micronutrients, from vitamin A to zinc. But for energy, try these two strategies:

Drink lots of fresh orange juice. Believe it or not, perhaps one out of three women isn’t getting enough vitamin C, says Carol Johnston, PhD, assistant professor of food and nutrition in the family resources department at Arizona State University in Tempe. Vitamin C helps produce carnitine, a molecule that helps your body burn fat for energy. „People likely have up to a 50% drop in muscle carnitine levels when they’re vitamin C-depleted,“ she says. Johnston thinks 200 to 300 mg daily is enough for you to feel more energy, assuming that you were short on C. You can get that much without supplementing if you drink orange juice (one 8-ounce glass a day) and eat a diet high in vitamin C-rich foods, including kiwifruit (70 mg per fruit), raw red or green bell pepper (142 mg and 60 mg per 1/2 cup, respectively), broccoli (51 mg per 1/2 cup cooked), strawberries (49 mg per 1/2 cup), and brussels sprouts (48 mg per 1/2 cup cooked).

Be sure to get enough iron. Iron is a must mineral for energy because of its role in transporting oxygen via red blood cells to wherever it’s needed in the body. Too little iron creates a cascade of problems that end up lowering your metabolic rate—and your energy levels. A lot of women aren’t getting the 18 mg a day of iron they need in their diets. A half-cup of soybeans contains 9 mg of iron; a half-cup of baked beans, 8 mg; a half-cup of spinach, 6 mg; 3 oz. of beef, 5 mg; and 3 oz of fried oysters, 6 mg. If you think you’re anemic or have significantly low iron levels, see your primary-care physician before taking iron supplements.

Power Breakfasts

„When you wake up in the morning, you’ve gone 6 to 8 hours without taking in any calories,“ Wein points out. „That is the time to wake up your body by providing it with the right kind of calories to burn for energy.“

So if you skimp on breakfast, you run the risk of a lackluster morning, since your blood sugar will probably be low and stay low, depriving your brain of the glucose it needs. Here’s how to eat a true power breakfast:

Hold the pancake syrup. Sweet breakfasts are an energy disaster, since nothing plummets your blood sugar faster (after an initial boost) than concentrated forms of simple carbohydrates like corn or maple syrup. Pouring one of them over refined carbohydrates like white flour pancakes or waffles exaggerates the effect. Whittle warns that any sweet topping with corn syrup in it—like the typical maple-flavored syrup or a lot of jellies—is an especially good bet to spike-and-dip your blood sugar to lethargic levels. So try some healthier and more energizing alternatives, she suggests. Go for French toast made with whole grain bread and egg substitute, or use a whole grain flour like buckwheat in your pancake or waffle mix. Top them off with your favorite fruit instead of syrup.

Reach for some protein. While fruit and whole grain cereal are fine morning choices, your breakfast carbohydrates still need to be balanced with some protein foods for more enduring energy, Whittle says. The fat-free milk or low-fat yogurt you add to the cereal will work. Or go for eggs or egg substitutes with an English muffin or a slice of whole grain toast.

Shoot for 3 g of fiber per serving. Whole grains, unlike refined flour products, deliver energy laced with fiber, which slows down the digestion so that the energy is released over a longer period of time. That’s why whole grain, high-fiber cereals are an excellent breakfast selection for all-morning energy. „Look for one with at least 3 g of fiber per serving,“ Wein says. „Some have 8 g or more. Eat it with fat-free milk, and you have a perfect balance.“

Stock up on oatmeal. A fiber-packed whole grain cereal, oatmeal is your best breakfast choice for long-lasting energy, says William Evans, PhD, director of the nutrition, metabolism, and exercise laboratory at the University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences/Veterans Affairs Medical Center in Little Rock. Evans credits oatmeal’s energy-boosting ability with its soluble fiber content. Much more than the insoluble fiber in, say, wheat bran, the soluble fiber in oatmeal slows down carbohydrate absorption, thus keeping your blood sugar levels more constant. Both oat bran and rolled oats are high in soluble fiber, so on mornings when you don’t feel like eating oatmeal, try oat bran muffins.




You don’t need a PhD in biochemistry to know that food is fuel and that it affects our energy levels. But you have to be smart if you’re eating for energy. „Certain eating strategies will definitely help you ward off fatigue,“ says Stacey Whittle, RD, a registered dietitian at the University of Southern California in Los Angeles.

Ironically, the very food we so often rely on for quick energy—concentrated sources of sugar, like candy bars or soda—are the very foods that you should avoid if you want enduring energy, say experts.

Here’s why: Your body uses food for energy by turning it into blood sugar, or glucose. Carbohydrates convert most easily into this ready-to-burn fuel, making them your macronutrient of choice for energy eating. The problem is that some simple carbohydrates, like sugar, tend to break down so fast that, after providing a short-lived burst of energy, they leave your blood sugar levels low, your energy inadequate, and your plans for the day unaccomplished. Complex carbohydrates, like grains, replace this spike-and-dip act with a steady energy supply that keeps you going at full throttle.

Striking The Optimal Energy Balance

You don’t have to radically change your diet to include nothing but high energy foods to ratchet up your energy levels. Chances are, you’re already eating many of the foods best suited for daylong energy. It’s simply a matter of eating them at the right time, in the right amounts, and in the right combinations.

What’s the ideal mix? High (but not exclusively) carbohydrates, moderate protein, low (but not no) fat. Think of a turkey sandwich with low-fat mayo, a small serving of spaghetti and meatballs, or a bowl of chili.

Distribute your calories equally among breakfast, lunch, and dinner. A skimpy breakfast, a hurried lunch, and a huge evening feast is about the least energy-efficient eating schedule imaginable. „What do you need all those calories for if you’re going to bed?“ says Debra Wein, RD, cofounder of Sensible Nutrition Connection in Hingham, Massachusetts.

„Anybody who’s ever done justice to a Thanksgiving dinner knows that you get tired when you overstuff,“ says Ann Grandjean, EdD, director of the International Center for Sports Nutrition in Omaha, Nebraska.

Never, ever skip a meal. „Many women skip breakfast,“ Wein says. „And some may even skip lunch because they think it will help them lose weight.“ But by skipping breakfast or lunch—or both—not only are you depriving your body of calories just when it needs them the most, you’re also likely to compensate with a lethargy-inducing pig-out when you do eat. So much for weight loss! „And if you keep skipping meals, the result over time is a general malaise,“ Wein says.

Eat five meals a day. The experts favor adding a midmorning and midafternoon snack to your daily meal schedule, and downgrading your other three meals accordingly to keep your total calories where you want them. This mini-meal plan is a super energy booster because you’re getting energy into your body right when you need it, you won’t be going too long between meals, and you’re less likely to overeat or undereat. „If you watch your portion size and take time for that midmorning and midafternoon snack, you’ll be surprised at how positively your energy levels are affected,“ Whittle says.

Wein suggests the following energizing calorie allotments: If you’re a fairly typical weight-watching woman, your calorie count per day will probably fall between 1,400 and 2,000. If you’re at the higher number, shoot for 500 calories at breakfast, lunch, and dinner, with midmorning and midafternoon snacks at 250. If you’re down at 1,400 total calories, your meals should be 400 calories each, with two 100-calorie snacks.




Bioflavonoids, also sometimes referred to as “vitamin P,” are super-antioxidants found in many natural foods. Scientists have found that bioflavonoids have specific capabilities to increase bodily health in many different ways. They support strong cell formations and, according to some medical services, even suppress poor cellular growth in order to deliver an anti-carcinogenic effect. Bioflavonoids contribute to good heart health, and combat atherosclerosis, as well as conditions like Alzheimer’s disease. Bioflavonoids are found in many of the same foods that contain vitamin C, an essential nutrient for the daily diet, and these super antioxidants complement vitamin C, enhancing its effect on the body.

Foods Rich in Bioflavonoids

Fresh fruits and vegetables are generally the top choices for getting plenty of bioflavonoids in a diet. Here are some of the most popular ways to get the most of these helpful nutritional elements.

  • Red Bell Peppers or Sweet Peppers – Red peppers contain three times more vitamin C than orange juice, according to some medical sources. Scientists agree that raw bell peppers are an effective way to get bioflavonoids into the system.
  • Strawberries – These luscious red berries are a great source of bioflavonoids. Other berry types are similarly rich in these kinds of antioxidants. This leads to specific claims of health benefits for berry-made wines and derivative foods.
  • Citrus Fruits – Oranges are a significant source of bioflavonoids. Lemons and limes, as well as peaches, nectarines and other fruits all contain vitamin C and bioflavonoid superoxidants.
  • Broccoli – This green vegetable has a lot of vitamin C, as well as some other essential vitamins for a healthy diet. As with other foods, use broccoli raw for best results.
  • Brussels Sprouts – For a hearty meal, include these cabbage type sprouts. Rich in antioxidants, they are also packed with their own unique taste for a delicious way to get bioflavonoids and vitamins.
  • Tropical Fruits – Exotic fruits, like mangoes and papayas, have a lot of bioflavonoids and other nutritional elements packed under their skins. These are becoming more accessible at supermarkets everywhere. Don’t miss out on what they have to offer.
  • Garlic – By most accounts, garlic is a superfood. Our food culture has long been aware of its anti-inflammatory properties, but now scientists are counting it as among the natural foods rich in bioflavonoids, and therefore able to deliver the antioxidant values we associate with “healing foods.”
  • Spinach – Popeye wasn’t kidding: this stuff has all of the qualities you would associate with a green vegetable rich in antioxidants. Spinach is a good all-purpose nutrient – try it in place of lettuce for a salad that’s bursting with nutrition.
  • Teas – Green tea and other teas are known to have a lot of powerful chemical elements that contribute to longevity and good health. Lots of health minded caffeine drinkers are switching from coffee to tea to get the effects of essential vitamins in their morning drinks.


Raw vs. Processed

These are just some of the top producing fruits and vegetables that deliver bioflavonoids and vitamin C to the table. Vitamin rich foods are always more effective in their raw form, so be aware of the difference between buying and using fresh produce, and eating these foods canned, cooked or processed. Overall, look for colorful, fresh fruits and vegetables to benefit from a diet that will contribute to your health in many ways.




Eating and exercise go hand in hand. When and what you eat can be important to how you feel when you exercise, whether it’s a casual workout or training for a competition. Consider these eating and exercise tips.

1. Eat a healthy breakfast

If you exercise in the morning, get up early enough to finish breakfast at least one hour before your workout. Most of the energy you got from dinner the previous night is used up by morning, and your blood sugar might be low. If you don’t eat, you might feel sluggish or lightheaded when you exercise.

If you plan to exercise within an hour after breakfast, eat a light breakfast or drink something to raise your blood sugar, such as a sports drink. Emphasize carbohydrates for maximum energy.

Good breakfast options include:

  • Whole-grain cereals or bread
  • Low-fat milk
  • Juice
  • Bananas
  • Yogurt
  • A waffle or pancake

And remember, if you normally have coffee in the mornings, a cup before your workout is probably OK. Also know that anytime you try a food or drink for the first time before a workout, you risk an upset stomach.

2. Size matters

Be careful not to overdo it when it comes to how much you eat before exercise. The general guideline:

  • Large meals. Eat these at least three to four hours before exercising.
  • Small meals. Eat these two to three hours before exercising.
  • Small snacks. Eat these an hour before exercising.

Eating too much before you exercise can leave you feeling sluggish. Eating too little might not give you the energy to keep you feeling strong throughout your workout.

3. Snack well

Most people can eat small snacks right before and during exercise. The key is how you feel. Do what works best for you. Snacks eaten soon before exercise probably won’t give you added energy, but they can help keep up your blood sugar and prevent distracting hunger pangs. Good snack options include:

  • Energy bars
  • Bananas or other fresh fruit
  • Yogurt
  • Fruit smoothies
  • Whole-grain bagel or crackers
  • Low-fat granola bars
  • Peanut butter sandwiches

A healthy snack is especially important if you plan a workout several hours after a meal.




Berries:

Berries are low in calories and rich in vitamins and minerals, as well as antioxidants and phytonutrients, which have been shown to protect against heart disease and some cancers. Try adding a cup of fresh or unsweetened frozen strawberries, blueberries, or raspberries to your morning cereal, oatmeal, or yogurt.
Cold cereal:

While cold cereal has been vilified in recent years for its sugar content, there are nutritious options out there. Check the ingredient lists and nutrition-facts labels and look for cereals that have at least 3 grams of fiber and 6 grams or less of sugar per serving. Also, choose cereals that are made with whole grains and that have sugar low on the list.

Cottage cheese:

High in protein and calcium, cottage cheese is an excellent choice in the morning. To limit saturated fat, choose 1 or 2 percent milk-fat varieties. If you don’t like the texture, says Blatner, “puree it smooth and it becomes a great spread on toast with sliced apple on top and cinnamon.”
Eggs:

Rich in protein, eggs eaten as part of a balanced breakfast will keep you full all morning long and supply more than a dozen essential nutrients. For those concerned about cholesterol, Blatner says not to fret: “If someone is worried about blood cholesterol levels, they should be primarily concerned with keeping saturated fat low and making sure fiber in the diet is high.”

Green tea:

Green tea is rich in antioxidants called catechins, which have been shown to prevent cell damage to the body. Blatner suggests steeping green tea 4 to 5 minutes to release the catechins. Another benefit is that green tea has about two-thirds less caffeine than coffee does. “You can still get a little pick-me-up without all the caffeine,” she says.

Oatmeal:

Oatmeal is packed with soluble fiber, which helps lower cholesterol and regulate blood sugar levels, and which can keep you satiated for hours. Avoid high-sugar instant packets and opt for the plain ones, or try rolled (old-fashioned), quick, or steel-cut oatmeal prepared with low-fat milk or water. “Two ideas for oatmeal that I usually give people are natural peanut butter stirred in with some chopped-up bananas or mixing chopped apples with uncooked rolled oats and milk to make a muesli,” says Blatner.

Peanut butter:

Natural peanut butter is a good source of monounsaturated fat, which may help lower bad cholesterol in the blood. (Look for a brand that contains peanuts and not much else.) It’s also a good source of protein and can help you feel satisfied without becoming stuffed. Moderation is key, so limit your portion to 1 to 2 tablespoons per sitting.

Smoothies:

Smoothies are an easy and delicious way to meet the recommended daily servings of fruits and vegetables. Start with a protein-rich base of low-fat milk or plain yogurt, then add unsweetened frozen fruit, such as berries or bananas. If you’re feeling adventurous, throw in some flaxseed for its omega-3 fatty acids or a handful of kale.

Whole-grain breads:

Compared with refined white bread, whole-grain varieties are a better source of fiber and many nutrients, including iron, B vitamins, and vitamin E. They’ve also been shown to lower the risk of a number of chronic diseases such as heart disease and type 2 diabetes. For breakfast, try a whole-wheat English muffin or toast.

Yogurt:

Yogurt is packed with filling protein and bone-building calcium. Blatner suggests buying plain yogurt and adding your own sweetener. “The fruit-flavored ones have a lot of sugar that’s added. It would be better to get plain and then add a teaspoon of honey,” she says.




As people age, their diets may need to change, especially if their diets are not well-balanced. Generally, doctors will recommend a well-balanced diet for elders, meaning that they should eat a variety of fruits, vegetables, protein and whole grains to maintain and improve overall health. According to Ruth Frechman, registered dietitian and spokesperson for the American Dietetic Association, in addition to eating a healthful variety of foods, there are specific things a caregiver can incorporate into their parent’s diet to boost his or her health.

Prepare meals rich in these nutrients

Omega 3 fatty acids

The acids have been proven to reduce inflammation, which can cause heart disease, cancer and arthritis. They can be found in many different types of fish and in flaxseed oil. Your parent should have foods rich in this nutrient twice per week. If this is impossible, check with their doctor to see if an Omega 3 supplement would be beneficial.

Calcium and Vitamin D

The need for calcium and vitamin D increases as people age. This is primarily to preserve bone health. One added benefit of calcium is that it helps to lower blood pressure. Adults over the age of 50 need at least 1200 milligrams per day of the nutrient – equal to about four cups of milk per day. Many people find it challenging to consume this much calcium per day by eating and drinking, so check with your parent’s doctor to see if he or she should take a calcium supplement.

Limit sodium content

Most elders have hypertension – high blood pressure. One of the most important things caregivers can do to help reduce a parent’s hypertension is to prepare foods with low sodium. Most people are surprised to know that table salt accounts for only a small percent of sodium content in food. Avoid giving your parent frozen, processed or restaurant food, as these are extremely high in sodium. The foods with the lowest sodium content are fruits and vegetables, so try and incorporate them as much as possible in their diet.

Hydrate

As people age, they do not get thirsty very often, even though their bodies still need the same amount of liquids. If you notice that your parent is not drinking liquids very often, make sure that you provide them with it. If they do not feel thirsty, chances are they may not think about drinking a glass of water.

If you are concerned that your parent may not be properly hydrated, check his or her urine. Urine is the surest sign of hydration or lack of it. If the urine is clear and light, then your parent is most likely properly hydrated. If, however, urine is dark and/or cloudy, your parent will need to start drinking more liquids.

Making dietary changes can be difficult for anybody. It can be especially difficult for elders, though, because people get stuck in habits. If your mom or dad needs to make dietary changes to increase their health and well-being, there are specific things that you, the caregiver, can do to help with the change. Frechman recommends three important areas in which caregivers can help.

Incorporate changes gradually

Older people are usually skeptical of change. They need to make small changes gradually. As the caregiver, you should reinforce this and make sure that your parent is incorporating the new foods into their diet.

For example, if your parent is diabetic and needs to adjust their carbohydrate intake consistency, incorporate oatmeal as breakfast once or twice per week. As they get used to it, oatmeal can be added to three to four times per week. If your parent normally eats white bread, give them a wheat bread sandwich a couple times per week, and gradually increase it so that white bread is completely cut out of their diet.

Set an example

When an elder has to change their diet for health reasons, they can feel singled out. Eating is a social activity and it is important to eat meals with your parent. It is equally important that when you eat with them, you eat the same foods as them. When sitting down for a family meal, don’t make a special meal for your parent and something different for everybody else. By eating with them and eating the same foods as them, the dietary changes being made won’t seem so drastic.

Make smoothies

Sometimes older adults simply refuse to make necessary nutritional changes, even if they are doctor recommended. People with dementia, especially, may refuse to eat certain things. Be creative. If your parent needs protein, try making them a smoothie with wheat germ – this is not a supplement that may interact with your parent’s medications, but an actual food with very high amounts of protein. Sometimes, foods can be blended into a smoothie to ensure that your elderly parent consumes the necessary nutrients.




Lack of research and regulation in energy drinks, as well as their high consumption and the fact that there are reported cases of toxicity are a serious health risk for children, adolescents and young people.

According to the authors from the University of Miami, 30-50% of the young population consume energy drinks are consumed regularly. In the U.S. these drinks are categorized as food supplements and by that they avoid the FDA limit on caffeine content of 71 mg per 12 ounces (about 355 ml) in soft drinks. Furthermore, safety tests and leaflets (which are mandatory for all kind of medicament) are also avoided. As a result, there are energy drinks that contain up to 400 mg of caffeine and that is only the stated caffeine. There are also unstated amounts of stimulants made from ingredients such as guarana, seeds of Cola (cola nuts), cocoa and yerba mate.

energy drinks

46% of 5448 reported cases of caffeine overdose in 2007 in the U.S., are from people under 19 years of age. The authors recommend a maximum caffeine intake of 2.5 mg / kg for children and 100 mg / kg for adolescents. A study from New Zealand (also included in the survey) claims that the consumption of only 1 energy drink leads to the exceeding of the recommended intake of 2.5 mg / kg.

The toxic effects of energy drinks are being monitored in countries like Germany, Australia and New Zealand. There is a significant number of reported cases of adverse effects associated with consumption of energy drinks: liver damage, kidney failure, respiratory disorders, agitation, confusion, seizures, psychotic states, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, rhabdomyolysis, tachycardia, cardiac dysrhythmia, hypertension, myocardial infarction, heart failure and death.

The long-term health effects of the regular consumption of energy drinks in children and teenagers are still unclear, but all gathered information indicates that these drinks can have many harmful, even potentially fatal effects.

The marketing of energy drinks is primarly aimed at men which are pre-adolescents, adolescents and young adults, says Dr. Higgins of the University of Texas. The bare fact that a child can enter the supermarket and buy and consume such beverage is frightening.




diets

Don`t think that just because you started going to the gym and doing weight-loss wxercises, you will automatically start losing weight.

For a period of 16 months researchers from the University of Kansas observed a group of young people who where doing exercises. Exercising was held regularly and was observed. The diet was not specified by the scientists and each participant was eating at his/her own discretion. It turned out that young people didn`t make any changes in the ratio of fat, protein and carbohydrates in their food. Women in particular were making the following mistake: they thought that increasing their physical activity allows them to eat everyting that they want. So then everybody was weighted, it turned out that men lost an average of 10 lbs. and the women didn`t lose any weight. There were even women who gained weight.

When discussing the food the participants were consuming during the experiment, it become clear that women didn`t think about the number of calories in the food they were eating and consumed around 700 calories more tha usual, while men did much better by consuming just 200 calories more.

According to the scientists, this experiment is a proff that despite the increased physical activity, wrong diet will always prevent you from losing weight. This is why the experts think that planning is very important as to the people who want to want to lose weight, as well us to the ones who want to gain muscle mass. As boring as counting calories is, it important to know how many calories you are taking with your daily meals and how many calories you are losing while exercising or performing other activities. Think about it – the difference of 500 calories a day between the both sexes is the reason why the women in the experiment didn`t lose any weight while the men did better (but no by much).




Phytases belong to the class and subclass of hydrolases phosphatases that catalyze the hydrolysis of monoesters of phosphoric acid. Phytase performed stepwise cleavage of orthophosphate ions of phytic acid to form as intermediates in the penta-, tetra-, tri-, di-, and inositol monophosphates (Nayani NR, Markakis P., 1986).

In accordance with the International Nomenclature of enzymes IUPAC-IUBMB three types of phytases: 3-phytase, 5-phytase and 4/6-phytase. Phytase types begin the transformation of phytic acid hydrolysis of an ester bond at different carbon atoms inositol ring, resulting in the formation of various isomers lower inozitolphospate. Phytate hydrolysis mechanism and the structure of the protein molecules of the same type phytases may vary. Phytase of the same type can be attributed to the acidic, neutral or alkaline phosphatase, according to the optimal pH level.

Phytase (myo-inositol-1,2,3,4,5,6-geksakisfosfat-fosfogidrolazy) – a group of enzymes belonging to the subclass of phosphatases carrying release of at least one phosphate ion from the molecule of phytic acid. Hydrolysis of phytic acid formed the lower, ie containing less than six residues of phosphoric acid, inozitolfosfaty, inositol and inorganic phosphate, as well as associated with phytates released cations.
First phytase activity was found in rice bran (Suzuki U. et. Al., 1907) and calf blood (McCollum EV, Hart EB, 1908), ie, in the variety of living organisms. Later phytase were found in bacteria and fungi, including yeast. Consider that in the digestive secretions monogastric animals, including humans, no phytase and phytate hydrolysis is carried out under the influence of enzymes and microflora acidic environment of the stomach. Today we know a lot of enzymes with phytase activity, a growing number (Haefner S. et. Al. [1], 2005; Oh BC et. Al., 2004; Vats P., Banerjee UC, 2004)

Most (about two thirds) of the total phosphorus in plant feed is presented in the form of salts of phytic acid – phytates (Simons PCM et. Al., 1990). Phytase carries both synthesis and hydrolysis of phytic acid. Due to the inability of livestock and poultry produce endogenous phytase, phosphorus, calcium, protein and other related phytic acid nutrients become less available. For the management of potential nutrient feed and more cost-effective and environmentally friendly production of meat and poultry should be used microbial phytase. Enrichment of the diet of microbial phytase makes more available phosphorus, calcium, zinc and copper, improves digestibility and stimulate weight gain. Effective use of microbial phytase dose-dependent, the ratio in the diet of calcium and phosphorus (Ca: P), vitamin D3, composition of the diet, age, and genetic features of animals and birds. [2]




What You Should Know About Plastic Surgery The surgical reconstruction of different parts of the body is called plastic surgery. You may be interested in this procedure due to disease, burns, birth defects or for some more personal cosmetic reasons. A plastic surgeon is how you call the person who carries out plastic surgery to people. These people have completed 11 years of combined residency requirements, educational requirements, internship as well as approved residency in reconstructive and plastic surgery along with additional couple of years in actual practice prior to taking board exams so you can be certain that they are highly skilled and experienced practitioners. A person who wants to have improved physical appearance on their original features can seek plastic surgery. Whether you are considering plastic surgery because of your birth defects or some personal reasons, rest assure that it can completely build your self esteem, boost your self confidence and provide a completely different look. As a matter of fact, there are numerous options that you can opt for to improve your life, enhance your appearance or perhaps, correct disfigurements. Just few of the well known plastic surgery operations include liposuction for body lifts, arm lifts, facial surgeries like face lifts and rhinoplasty, breast augmentation, abdominoplasty or tummy tuck surgeries and even non-surgical procedures such as Botox injections.
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In addition to that, there are some new technologies that have allowed to carry out quite complicated surgeries for women such as correcting vaginal relaxation via laser vaginal rejuvenation procedure. In this particular procedure, surgeons who are trained and certified are utilizing laser surgical techniques and laser technology to avoid the risks associated with invasive traditional surgical methods. There is going to be less loss of blood because the lasers are less risky of complications and infection, self-cauterizing, virtually no hospital time and most of all, has quick recovery period.
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When it comes to the selection of plastic surgeons to do your desired plastic surgery operation, it is a must to ask the following questions. Question 1: Are you board certified – this is a question that you ought to ask to your prospect surgeon. There’s so much public confusion with regards to the certification that surgeons have. Well, in order to guarantee that you are having the highest and most qualified surgeon, be sure to ask them if they are certified by American Board of plastic Surgeons. Question 2: Know who’ll be assisting the plastic surgeon throughout the procedure – to carry out smooth and reduced odds of complications, there are so many surgeons who are requiring support team for the surgery. Most of the time, the support team is comprised of anaesthesiologist, nursing staff, recovery room nursing staff as well as other support or technicians required for the procedure.




Shopping for a Bicycle: Hints to Take Note Of If only the selections for bicycles are few, selecting one could have never been this hard. But due to the wide plethora of selections you need to pick between, it seems like selecting one is such a great challenge. In order that you go through this job in an easier way, take time to check out the tips provided in the paragraphs below. Where and How You Are Going to Use Your Bike Right now, there are many different kinds of bicycles available out there. Before you decide to make a pick, it is essential that you are determining first the kind of bike that you need. Choosing a trail bike or a mountain bike is a good option if you are desiring to use your bike often for an off-road ride on valleys as well as on hills. However, if you intend to utilize the bike when you want to ride to the town, then a road bike is a much better option for you.
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As you move your way to finding the best and the right bike for you, you need to take the size into a great consideration. Right before you make a final pick among various bicycles, see to it that you are fully aware of the right size of a bike suitable for you and your needs. To know exactly the size of a bike that you need, you can first measure your inseam. And at the time where you are on the retail shop, do not forget to ask the retailer to fit the vehicle for you. They will always be happy to help you in this. Have a Test Drive on the Bike The final part of the choosing and purchasing process is testing drive the bicycle. This is for the sake of ascertaining that you are getting the type of bike that can hand out to you the return you deserve after having invested a significant amount of money. A test drive is the best way to test if the bicycle is suitable for you. Even though you are not buying a car, just a bike, you have to be critical on this. Selecting a bicycle is one of the most challenging shopping jobs you can make in your whole life. Remember that your bike is your partner. Thus, it is essential that you are choosing one carefully and meticulously. Although it is not always that you have to take the price into consideration, there are times in which you have to pay attention to it. Wherever side you cast your eyes on, it is essential that you are selecting a bicycle that is priced reasonably and correctly.




Reasons to Make Use of Compression Clothing Compression clothing is the best way to maximize one’s figure as it literally squeezes out every shape of the body. For this reason, athletes and sportsmen and women all opt for this when they play their respective games. The material of these sports clothing are made of Lycra which makes the muscles squeeze underneath it and at the same time provides elasticity and flexibility. For someone looking for extreme compression, he or she must look for clothing that uses a lot of Lycra in it. According to the experts, Lycra has to be at least 70% present in the clothing material in order to be able to give the desired results. Below is a list of the other reasons why you should be getting your own compression clothing today: First on the list is thermo regulation which means that it can be able to maintain the right temperature needed by the body for the best performance in the game. When the muscles are warm it can only mean that the athlete will have fewer chances of getting injured or into accidents. If in the case that there is extreme warmth too, then it can be a problem and cause certain injuries; for that a regulated and well maintained temperature has to be assured. The wrong body temperature can not only add stress but also slow down the movements and reactions of the body. This type of clothing also aides in increasing blood circulation. This is much needed for athletes and players because it can only mean good things such as the removal of the unwanted waste products of the body and the fast delivery of the needed nutrients to the body specifically the muscles. All in all, the metabolism also improves which all the more makes an athlete give out a high performance and also adaptable to injuries, meaning they can heal faster when injuries are experienced.
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With every muscle that’s moved in the body, it would mean that muscles are moving just the same. Therefore, the more you move, the more damaging it can be for the tissues of the muscles. This can only lead to one sure thing – muscle pain. Reducing the level of pain and discomfort brought about by the muscle pains and cramps, can be very useful not only in relieving the player from the discomfort but also allows a better chance to continue with the best play of his or her life. Because the clothing is elastic and stretchable, the entire body from head to toe is guaranteed to be fully supported in whatever the sports activity may be.Getting To The Point – Options




The Services Provided by the Field of Neurology There are lots of instances where people are developing problems concerning their brain, which is totally devastating. This is totally true as we can see that many people are now having mild stroke every now and the which is really life threatening. However, if you are afraid of getting those physical problems soon, you ought not to worry because you can totally approach medical experts such as neurologists which can help you to cure those common problems that most people are now experiencing. The rest of this reading material will provide you with the different information that you must know in relation to the subject matter. Thus, it would be best for you to consider in reading this material entirely as it is highly capable of making you more educated on this matter which is really advantageous to your part. Basically, one of the best things that they can do for you is their efficiency of their work which is totally great. Those people who have gone to those professionals to have their services are the ones who can agree to this claim. Also, you ought to know that you can be sure when it comes to the services they provide to you as they only use modern machines which can help them make their performance even more accurate. As a matter of fact, a lot of people are very grateful to this as curing our rain is a crucial thing to do. The third advantage that you should know is that, you will never have any problems in approaching them as their clinics are very easy toe accessed. Many can truly attest to this especially those who have tried to go to their clinics to receive their medical assistance. Furthermore, you should know that you will never be disappointed on how they deal with their clients as they really try to make themselves approachable for your own convenience. Because of that, you will be able to freely express your concerns about yourself to them for your early recovery as you will be open to them on the negative things you are experiencing at the moment. Finally, you ought to know that they do not delay the recovery of their clients as they know that it really matters to you as it involves your life as well as you and your family’s happiness. For that reason you really should consider in having the assistance given by those people for you to experience the comfort that they bring to those individuals who are having problems that are related to their nervous system.

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What You Should Know About Neurology Neurology involves provision of treatment that uses alternative and complementary medicine, which focuses the nerves to ease pain and encourage healing. The purpose of employing this kind of treatment is to ensure that the nerves are proper in their functions and that nerve function is restored. During treatment, a series of adjustments are performed in the joints and the nerves. Those who go for Neurology usually have problems in the central nervous system. It is necessary for you to make sure that you contact a neurologist to provide you with treatment if you have any central nervous system problems. Going for treatment ensures that you do not suffer other conditions that might come up because of central nervous system problems. Services for Neurology services are usually available in private offices and medical institutions that offer Neurology services. Neurologists are highly qualified and trained professionals that have experience of treating different joint and central nervous system problems. For neurologists to practice, they have to have obtained licenses and certifications.Neurologists usually use their hands to apply sudden force to joints to make sure that they restore them to their normal function. Neurologists employ assistants to help them with their work. Neurology involves the application of different types of physical therapy exercises. During nerves manipulation, it is not unusual for patients to hear popping and cracking sounds. Neurology treatment should not be painful and the physicians can massage and stretch the muscles while using other treatments such as exercises, ice and heat, electric stimulation, nutrition counseling and x-ray or ultrasound. People can go for Neurology for the treatment of central nervous system pains, headaches, neck pains and poor posture. Expectant women can go for Neurology treatment to relieve central nervous system pain that results from gaining weight. Infants can also benefit from spinal adjustments. There is ongoing research about Neurology where clinical trials are showing that Neurology is an effective conventional central nervous system treatment. This treatment allows one to receive pain relief while the central nervous system heals naturally. While this treatment is safe, it is not advisable for people who have a history of spinal surgery, damages nerves and osteoporosis go through it. Before you go for Neurology, it is important for you to consult with your physician to make sure that you can go through treatment.
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Neurologists make sure to perform tests and examine you before you start Neurology. This way, the neurologists can determine if you qualify to go through treatment as well as come up with treatment that will meet your needs. There are minimal risks involved with this kind of treatment. If you have central nervous system problems, you need to make sure that you research well before you get the neurologist that will work with you. You can be sure that you will improve the quality of your life after going through treatment.Why No One Talks About Resources Anymore




Know the Facts About Excessive Sweating Excessive sweating is certainly a common condition in a lot of people. Such condition can cause the person to withdraw from others. There are those who go for less interactions with other people so that they can avoid embarrassing situations from taking place. One will get a lower self-esteem when one has excessive sweating. This may also affect an individual’s lifestyle. A person can also have difficult in performing simple actions such as grasping a pen when the hands become sweaty. There are some people who need to carry an extra shirt so that they will avoid situations that are quite discomforting. These are just some of the effects that you will encounter when you sweat heavily. Individuals know the side effects of this kind of problem but only a few are aware of the causes of this. Today, people are digging deeper in order to have a better understanding of the different reasons for excessive sweating. Among the common areas wherein a person would sweat a lot are the feet, hands and also the armpits. Some people say that such kind of problem is inherited but this doesn’t mean that it cannot be stopped. When you have overactive sweat glands, you will tend to sweat more. There are several reasons causing the person’s overactive sweat glands. The sweat glands have a very important function in the body of a person. These regulate the temperature of the body and they get rid of the toxins, excess fluids and bacteria in the body as well as in the skin. It can be because of the unhealthy lifestyle that you have that’s why you tend to sweat heavily. People who don’t have a healthy diet and are eating lots of fat and sugar and salt tend to suffer from hyperhidrosis.
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Excessive sweating may also happen because of the use of drugs, drinking alcohol and cigarette smoking. These things can cause the system to get clogged and it becomes more difficult for the hear to pump blood and circulate in the body. Hyperhidrosis can also be caused by the bacteria in the body.
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Excessive sweating can also happen from feeling anxious in sweaty situations. When a person feels uncomfortable about a certain situation and feels anxious about it, then a person may sweat more. Thus, it is much better for the person to define the causes of sweating and ensure that something is done about it in an instant. People who have medication conditions would sweat a lot such as those with hyperthyroidism. Other medical conditions that would result to excessive sweating include psychiatric disorders, obesity and menopausal in women. To control sweating in an effective way the one should consume a proper diet that is low in fat, salt and sugar. Botox for excessive sweating is available for those who have several issues with this.




How to Reduce Cellulite Prevalence Safely It is widely known that women are at high risk of getting cellulite. Recent figures have shown that 90 percent of women have it and the sad truth is these numbers are not reducing any time soon. Then again, since this problem arises in both voluptuous and skinny women, you can never tell when you will be a victim of it. Therefore, it is very important to adopt preventive measures that will help avoid the occurrence of cellulite. Although it is not easy to completely eradicate cellulite, there are simple techniques you can use to reduce the chances of getting cellulite. Here are some of the ways that can help in eradicating cellulite. The first thing you need to do is take adequate amounts of water. It is recommended to take eight glasses of water every day to flush out sodium, which causes the retention of water in the body. However, if you get tired of drinking water, you can always take herbal tea instead. It is also very important to quit smoking if you want to avoid cellulite. Smoking causes numerous negative effects to our bodies. Other than diseases, smoking cuts off your body’s food supply and increases the levels of toxins in your body. This eventually, causes your skin to sag and form wrinkles.
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You can also avoid cellulite by avoiding stress by all means. Stress changes also affect the way the skin develops. Cortisol, which is a hormone produced by the body inhibits the production of growth hormones that are essential for creating healthy skin. In that case, you should try relaxing yourself by jogging; cycling, walking or you can also try yoga.
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In addition, you can do regular exercises every day if you want to reduce the chances of getting cellulite. If you are not used to exercises, you need to change your attitude towards it. Furthermore, being skinny is not the end of working out especially when it comes to preventing cellulite. You still need to adopt regular exercise regimes to keep yourself free from cellulite. Simple training routines have immense results in preventing cellulite. Last but not least, it is important to keep your body moisturized always. You can select any cream or gel that you find in the market after doing proper research on its benefits. Preferably, you need to moisturize your body twice. These creams have been made to boost your body’s circulation. However, do not stop using the cream since the will only help you if you continue their use.




Can Protein Supplements Help You Build Muscles? The popularity of the body building supplements can be attributed to the fact that there are so many body building enthusiasts as well as athletes that keep on using the pills to help them grow their muscles. The drug is a food supplement, and as such it is important that it is used to supplement other food nutrients sources, such that it should be used in conjunction with other things, and that the drug must be something that is taken to maximize the nutrients that you are taking in. You will certainly experience and see that there are fast changes that are occurring in to your body, when you combine the food supplement with the right diet and the proper exercise. The body building pills that you are using are totally safe and effective and that it really is an important factor when you want to see fast results when you are body building. You will be happy to learn that these are the nutrients that you should be taking in when you are building your muscles: glutamine, amino acid and creatine. So that you will be able to achieve the dream body that you want to have, then you can choose between two kinds of supplements: the dietary supplements and the exercise supplements. The exercise supplements are best use for those that want to increase the absorption of nutrients in the body which in normally not consumed by the body. You will certainly be able to help you build up the muscles that you have, if you take in food supplements that are without any side effects; such as creatine, if you take it then you are supplementing the creatine levels in your body, which are not produced in large quantities that will not support body muscle growth needed for body building. The fact that you are taking in supplements, then you will surely be able to boost the amount of creatine in your body such that the levels will be enough for you to get the bulk that you want when you are doing your body building exercise. On the other hand, when you say dietary supplements, then it is something that is needed to boost the nutrients that are found in food. These dietary food supplements are rich in protein and amino acid. The best food supplement that you can ever find is the one that has all the types of protein in it, and you must make sure that it is safe and natural as well. Sometimes the name of the supplement is called blended protein. You will be happy to note that when you take in food supplements that are rich in amino acid, you will boost the protein in your body, because it is the amino acids that are the building blocks of protein needed for muscles growth.Short Course on Options – Getting to Square 1

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What You Can Do To Boost Your Self Esteem It is necessary that you try out things that will enable to boost the self esteem that you have so that you will be guided with the right ways on how you can make your self esteem grow big than ever. When you say self esteem, it is about how you view yourself, it is the concept of idea as to how you see yourself. It is a harsh reality that there are people, who are belittling themselves and have poor sense of who they really are, these people are battling the problems that they have with regard to having a low self esteem. These are some things that you should read on so that you will be able to have a high level of self esteem and you will out from being imprisoned with regard to having a poor self esteem. 1. Have Approval Only From Yourself- See to it that you are asking for approval not from others but from you, so that you will be happy with how you see yourself. If you constantly ask for approval from others, then you are giving other people the right to control you and that is something that is really very counterproductive. That is why, you must always see to it that you are relying on yourself on things that you are doing, because it is a great way for you to be able to build up the confidence that you have. This is a fundamental notion that you must inculcate in your mind if you want that you get a high level of self esteem. 2. Know The Limits Of Your Comfort Zone – Keep in mind that you must not always stay where you are most comfortable, as they say ships are safe when they are in the harbor, but it is the reason why they are made. It would be the best idea that you do some risky stuff from time to time so that you will be getting a boost in the confidence that you have. When you push the limits and the boundaries of what you can do, then you will certainly be giving yourself the boost that you truly needs to have.
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3. Seek Your Stars – Make sure that you are doing the things that you are really passionate about so that you will be able to achieve the path to success. It is necessary that you try to take that leap of faith by seeing that you take calculated risk in your life which will enable you to ignite the passion that you have within yourself. When you try to find where you are headed for in life by doing some leap of faith, then you will surely be able to get the needed boosts that you must have to be happy with who you are.Practical and Helpful Tips: Options




Make the Most of Walking for Your Health and Fitness Walking is thought as the one of the simplest type of exercise in order to maintain your health and fitness. One of its major gains is for you to have a simple, cheap and effective method to burn calories. Though most people think that walking is typically beneficial to physical health, there are some other advantages for your overall health and fitness. Walking is very easy to incorporate in your daily activities. It is merely easy to park your car a little away from your workplace or you can descend the public transport at least one stop early in order to walk to your destination. This is one form of exercise that is less strenuous and that you can easily fit in your daily schedule. You can even do this with your family so it will be more enjoyable. If you want to cope with your weight, you can do some short walk on a day by day basis. It is a type of exercise that can enable you to burn extra calories. Your 15-minute short walk after lunch at a particular steady space can burn up to 60-70 calories but this will rely also your weight. During a five-day work week, you can burn about 300 calories already. When you take a walk over the weekend, the amount of calories you can burn over a week will definitely add up.
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Walking can also enhance your circulatory system as it increases your heart rate and gets the blood to properly move around your body. When blood is properly circulated to your cells, more oxygen is taken into your body and more waste and unwanted carbon dioxide are taken out of your system. With a strong circulatory system, you will have a lower risk of heart disease and your blood pressure is reduced.
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Walking is good also for your lungs as it will work harder to circulate air in your body. Your lungs will have greater capacity and can work more efficiently to get more oxygen into your blood. It can enable as well to get rid of more waste and carbon dioxide from your system. Taking a walk can have a few mental benefits also. It can allow to clear your mind, relieve your stress and prepare you to work well in the next hours. It can even boost your brain power since more blood circulates all over your body. Due to this, there will be more oxygen and less carbon dioxide in your lungs and you will experience less stress during the day. The positive effects of walking can carry for a number of hours. Once you aim to enhance your health and fitness, you can at least do a few short walks every day. You will notice how your overall well-being will improve in the long run.




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